segunda-feira, 14 de outubro de 2013

Spix's Macaw

Spix's Macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii), also known as the Little Blue Macaw, is a Brazilianmacaw and the only small blue macaw. It is a member of Arini tribe in the subfamily Arinae (Neotropical parrots), part of the family Psittacidae (the true parrots). It was first described by German naturalist Georg Marcgrave, when he was working in the State of Pernambuco,Brazil in 1638 and it is named for German naturalist Johann Baptist von Spix, who collected a specimen in 1819 on the bank of the Rio São Francisco in northeast Bahia in Brazil.
The species inhabited riparian Caraibeira (Tabebuia aurea) woodland galleries in the drainage basin of the Rio São Francisco within the Caatinga dry forest climate of interior northeastern Brazil. It had a very restricted natural habitat due to its dependence on the tree for nesting, feeding and roosting. It fed primarily on seeds and nuts of Caraiba and variousEuphorbiaceae (spurge) shrubs, the dominant vegetation of the Caatinga. Due to deforestation in its limited range and specialized habitat, the bird has been rare in the wild throughout the twentieth century. It has always been very rare in captivity, partly due to the remoteness of its natural range.
The IUCN regard the Spix's Macaw as critically endangered and possibly extinct in the wild. Its last known stronghold in the wild was in northeastern Bahia, Brazil and the last known wild bird was a male that vanished in 2000. The species is now maintained through a captive breeding program at several conservation organizations under the aegis of the Brazilian government. It is listed on CITES Appendix I, which makes trade illegal except for legitimate conservation, scientific or educational purposes.
The Brazilian government department of natural resources (ICMBio) is conducting a project Ararinha-Azul with an associated plan to restore the species to the wild as soon as sufficient breeding birds and restored habitat are available.

domingo, 29 de setembro de 2013

lion tamarin douradoA blue whale ( Balaenoptera musculus ) is a marine mammal belonging to the suborder Mysticeti Cetacea . With up to 30 m2 in length and over 180 t3 weight , they are the largest animals that ever existed that has knowledge.4
Long and slender , the body of blue whales has your back in different shades blue -gray , while its belly is usually more claro.5 There are at least three distinct subspecies : B. m . musculus , whose habitat is restricted to the northern Atlantic and Pacific Oceans , B. m . intermedia , the Southern Ocean and B. m . brevicauda (also known as the Blue Whale , Pygmy ) , found in the Indian Ocean and South Pacific Ocean . B. m . indicates , the Indian Ocean , may be another subspecies . As is the case with other species of the suborder Mysticeti , the diet of the blue whale consists almost exclusively of small crustaceans known as krill, which filter sea water using blades in their corneas cavity bucal.6 However, they may also feed on small fish and squid .
The blue whales were , until the early 20th century , abundant in nearly all oceans of the Earth . Hunted for more than a century , were brought to the brink of extinction by whalers until they become the object of protection mechanisms adopted by the international community in 1996 . A 2002 report estimated that there are five to twelve thousand blue whales around the world , 7 distributed at least five clusters . However , more recent research on the Pygmy subspecies suggests that the current population is maior.8 Before being hunted , the largest group was in Antarctica , with approximately 239 000 indivíduos.9 Groupings remaining current , much smaller, somewhere around 2000 individuals each, are located northwest of the Pacific , Antarctic and Indian Oceans. Two other groups of blue whales are found north of the Atlantic Ocean , and there are at least two others in the Southern Hemisphere
The dorsal fin of blue whales is small , 10 visible only for a short period of time while diving . Through its blowhole , they can can produce jets of water up to 9 m high . The volume of your lungs can reach 5000 ℓ . They are also the loudest animal in the world , can make sounds that reach 188 dB - stronger than the sound of a jet plane - and that can be heard more than 800 miles distância.3

terça-feira, 24 de setembro de 2013

 Control Pigeons
Control PigeonsControl PigeonsJust like rats, pigeons are great transmitters of diseases , even without showing any danger to human health. The main ones are : histoplasmosis , candidiasis , cryptococcosis , salmonellosis , ornithosis , toxoplasmosis , encephalitis , coccidiosis and pseudotuberculosis .
However , there is an environmental protection law that prevents any aggression , ie , can not be eliminated as termites or rats , but , repelled . The Comet follows the law and proposes effective alternatives to avoid the presence of pigeons without their residential environment , trade and business . Check out :Gel RepeOrigem Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia .

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Disambig grey.svg Note : " Dog " redirects to this article . For other uses , see Dog ( disambiguation ) . For other meanings of " dog " , see Dog ( disambiguation ) .

How to read a box taxonómicaCão

Occurrence : 0015-0 Ma

Pleistocene - Recent
The Czech wolf-dog hybrid cross between wolves and wild dogs .The Czech wolf-dog hybrid cross between wolves and wild dogs .
Not Rated : Tame
scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order : Carnivora
Suborder: Caniformia
Family: Canidae
Genus: Canis
Species : C. lupus
Subspecies : C. liter. familiaris

name trinomial
Canis lupus familiarisLinnaeus , 1758
The dog ( Canis lupus familiaris1 ) in Brazil also called dog is a canine mammal and perhaps the earliest animals domesticated by humans . Theories postulate that emerged from the gray wolf in Asia for more than 100,000 years . Over the centuries , through domestication , humans held an artificial selection of dogs for their abilities , physical characteristics or types of behaviors . The result was a wide variety of dog breeds , which vary in size and coat within their own races , currently classified into different groups or categories . The designations mutt ( in Brazil ) or mutt (in Portugal ) are given to dogs breed or crossbreed descendants .
With life expectancy varies between ten and twenty years, the dog is a social animal that , in most cases , accept their owner as the " head of the pack " and has several features that make it useful to man . It has excellent smell and hearing , is a good hunter and running strong , relatively docile and loyal, intelligent and good learning ability . Thus , the dog can be trained to perform a number of useful tasks , like a hunting dog, guard and herder , for example. Just like humans , is also a victim of diseases like cold , depression and Alzheimer's disease , as well as the characteristics of aging such as vision and hearing problems , arthritis, and mood swings .
The affection and companionship these animals are some of the reasons for the famous phrase : " The dog is man's best friend " since there is no record of friendship so strong and lasting between different species as human and dog . This relationship appears in films , books and magazines , mentioning even different reports actual different times and in various nations . Among the most famous dogs who lived and societies are marked Balto , Laika and Hachiko . In the mythology, Cerberus is said one of the scariest beings . In film , Lassie is one of the most widespread and names in animation, Pluto , Snoopy and Scooby - Doo decades are part of childhood for generations.

[hide ] 1 Origin and history of domestication2 The relationship between the dog and the wolf3 Artificial selection4 Etymology and meaning5 Taxonomy and Nomenclature6 Features

Groups of 7 races8 Health

9 Behavior10 Relationship with man11 Dogs in human culture

12 See also13 Notes14 References15 Bibliography16 See alsoExternal links 1718 Referenceslens for pigeons :Sticky, this gel is indicated for use in ceilings, walls and borders , as are the places where pigeons (and bats ) land .spicules :Are rods with metal tips (not sharp ) fixed in plastic bases . The main function is to prevent pigeons landing , thus can be applied on walls , sills and eaves .
See Comet to learn more about pigeon control and request technical visit on site within 24 hours .Contact Us
the alligator caiman
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How to read a box-taxonómicaJacaré açu

Buberel cayman 3.jpg


Status iucn2.3 CD pt.svg
Dependent on conservation measures

scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Reptilia

Order: Crocodylia

Family: Alligatoridae

Gender: Melanosuchus

Species: M. niger

binomial name

Melanosuchus niger
Spix, 1825

geographical Distribution

Melanosuchus niger Distribution.png


The Wikispecies has information on: Caiman

The black caiman (Melanosuchus niger) is a species of alligator exclusive of South America also known as Alligator-black, is a top predator in the food chain. Adult specimens of large prey can any animal habitat, including other top predators such as leopards, cougars, pythons and anacondas, if they are surprised by these animals. Usually feeds on small animals such as turtles, fish, capybaras and deer. This species was on the brink of extinction due to the commercial value of his leather black color and its flesh. Currently, it is protected and its population is stable in Brazil. It is the largest species of alligator, reaching up to 6 feet long and more than three hundred kilograms. However copies have been found to over 6.5 meters in length and possibly half a ton in weight.

It lives in the Amazon Biome, and there copies in Zoos. There is a type called the snouted caiman alligator.

Etymology [edit]

From Wikipedia , the free encyclopedia .

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Disambig grey.svg Note : For other uses , see Zebra ( disambiguation ) .

How to read a box taxonómicaZebra
Zebra in South AfricaZebra in South Africa
scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order : Perissodactyla
Family: Equidae
Genus: Equus

see text
Zebras are mammals , members of the same family of horses, horses , native to central and southern Africa . The coat of this animal is a set of color contrasting stripes alternately black and white arranged in the vertical , except the feet , where they are horizontal.
Is the African savannas where zebras inhabit . They are distributed by families : male , female and young . These animals , usually by being attacked by lions , animals can become extremely fast , because to escape from predators , using the escape and his strong kicks and may even break the jaw of a feline . Zebra's stripes will darken with age , and these animals , although it may appear, are not all equal .
Though they look all the same , the existing zebra species are not closely related to each other . Zebras - of - grevy originate from different animals ( another subgenre ) of those who originated the zebras - the - plains and mountains - of - zebras .
There are on the brink of extinction , although the zebra- of - mountains is threatened . A subspecies of the plains zebra- of - cuaga known as ( the English quagga , which means the sound the animal makes cuahaa ) , Equus quagga quagga was extinguished , but projects cross between zebras with similarly colored species have recovered before extinct project and has released several successful examples in nature .
The Zebras are herbivores , and nourish preferably in the African savanna grasslands .

[hide ] 1 species of zebra2 Etymology3 References4 External links
Zebra species [ edit]
subgenus DolichohippusE. ( Dolichohippus ) enormis - North American species ( extinct )E. ( Dolichohippus ) grevyi - Grevy Zebra- of -E. ( Dolichohippus ) koobiforensis ( defunct)E. ( Dolichohippus ) numidicus ( defunct)E. ( Dolichohippus ) oldowayensis ( defunct)
Quagga subgenusE. ( Quagga ) capensis - Zebra- giant - the - cable ( terminated )E. ( Quagga ) mauritanicus ( Currently there is a project that recovered DNA from the quagga , and thus the species back into existence . The project has successfully released several specimens in nature . Quagga has a very close relationship with Zebra - of - plain . )E. ( Quagga ) Quagga - Zebra- of - plains E. ( Q ) q . antiquorum - Zebra- of - damaraE. ( Q ) q . burchelli - Burchell Zebra- of -E. ( Q ) q . boehmi - Zebra- of - boehmE. ( Q ) q . chapmanni - Zebra- of - ChapmannE. ( Q ) q . foai - Zebra- of - foaE. ( Q ) q . granti - Zebra- of -grantE. ( Q ) q . quagga - Cuaga ( defunct)E. ( Q ) q . wahlbergi - Zebra- of - wahlberg

subgenus HippotigrisE. ( Hippotigris ) Zebra - Zebra- of - mountains E. ( H ) z. hartmannae - Zebra- of - hartmannE. ( H ) z. Zebra - Zebra- of - cable Marcos

Etymology [ edit]
The name derives from the name zebra zevro or zebro , an equine wild, now extinct, who lived in the Iberian Peninsula until the sixteenth century . When Portuguese explorers reached the Cape of Good Hope , in the late fifteenth century , found some horses scratched like the zebro , by which they gave the name of zebras .
References [ edit]Wildlife: Zebra African Wildlife Foundation . Page accessed on March 20, 2013 .
External links [ edit]Project that recovered the species
                                      Korean ) , see BoA Kwon .

How to read a box taxonómicaJiboia

scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order : Snakes
Family: Boidae
Gender : Good
Species : B. constrictor

binomial name
Boa constrictorLinnaeus , 1758
Sub -species

B. c . constrictorB. c . amarali

The boa - constrictor (Boa constrictor ) is a snake that can reach an adult size of 2m (Boa constrictor amarali ) 4m (Boa constrictor constrictor ), rarely reaching this maximum size . Exists in Brazil , where it is the second largest snake ( the anaconda is the largest ) and can be found in many places, such as in the Atlantic , salt marshes , mangroves , Cerrado , Caatinga and the Amazon rainforest.
In Brazil there are two subspecies : the Boa constrictor constrictor ( Forcart , 1960) and Boa constrictor amarali ( Stull , 1932) . The first is yellowish , more peaceful and habits proper to the Amazon region and the northeast . The second , Jiboia amarali can be found further south and southeast of the country , being sometimes found in more central regions of the country .
It is basically a nocturnal animal (which is verifiable by having eyes with vertical pupils ) , yet it also has daytime activity .
Considered an animal viviparous because at the end of pregnancy the embryo receives nutrients from the mother's blood. Some biologists devalue that the end of gestation and consider only the ovoviviparous because, although the embryo to develop within the mother's body , most of the time is devoted to separate egg incubation in the mother's body . Pregnancy may take half a year , and may have 12-64 pups per litter , born with about 48 cm in length and 75 grams in weight.
Detects the prey by the perception of motion and heat and surprises them in silence. It feeds on small mammals (mainly rats) , birds and lizards that kill by constriction , involving the body of the prey and suffocating her . Her mouth is very expandable and has serrated teeth in the jaws , teeth áglifa . Digestion is slow, typically lasting seven days and may extend up to several weeks , during which stands still in a state of torpor .
Animal very docile , despite having a reputation for dangerous animal is not venomous and can not eat large animals , being harmless . It is very chased by hunters and animal traffickers , it has a high commercial value , as a pet . A boa constrictor born in captivity accredited by IBAMA can cost 1050-6000 actual , sometimes more , according to their color .
There is a black market in wildlife in Brazil , because the laws hinder their breeding in captivity , despite the low risk of accidents involved in the creation of this animal . IBAMA suspended license for sale of pythons in the State of São Paulo , despite studies showing that international trade regulations is the most efficient way to combat the trafficking of exotic animals .

[hide ] 1 Etymology2 Food3 Breeding in captivity4 Handling5 Curiosities6 Disease Virus 6.1
7 References8 External links
Etymology [ edit]
" Jiboia " comes from the Tupi y'bói .1 " Constrictor " is a reference to how python kills its victims : the squeezing and smothering them .
Food [ edit]
Snakes are carnivores that feed on rodents , birds and lizards . The frequency and quantity of food vary according to the size of the animal.
When in captivity , it is common to feed the pythons with small rodents such as mice and young rats . When larger , can be fed rabbits , hares , rats and adult birds ( chickens ) .
Captive breeding [ edit]
Little information has been here in Brazil , on assisted reproduction . Below are some information about conditions suggested for a terrarium home .
It is interesting to reproduce the natural habitat of the animal . For this we need :Terrarium having a length of at least 2/3 of the maximum size of the animal and 1/3 of the maximum size in width and the same measure in height.Hot plate or heated stone to maintain the atmosphere between 25 ° C and 30 ° C. Note that the heating should be done on one side of the terrarium so that the animal can choose between hot side or the other side and thus regulate its temperature .Thermometer at each end of the terrarium to check the temperature gradientHygrometer to verify that moisture should be between 80% and 90%.Lamps UVA / UVB are not required to pythons , unlike other reptiles , which favor abosorção nutrients .A source of water large enough for it to be submerged if desired .Substrate of synthetic grass , bark , litter - types of ground covers nontoxic .
Handling [ edit]
Are normally docile and well adaptable , accepting and handling . It is necessary to observe certain guidelines as well : Always wash hands before and after handling the animal ; Keep the terrarium always clean ; Change the water daily; Remove the animal in the terrarium with a hook always appropriate; Taking care of your eyes , because accidents ( bites ) may occur , and this would be the most dangerous region to be affected .
Always keep movements slow , and at first catch the python always behind the head , first with the index finger and then doing a clamp with thumb preventing the snake frightened and try to bite . Never try to come ahead of python because it can bite . If wild place a cloth over it , support the hook above where the head is (always behind ) , and take first with his forefinger and then doing a clamp with thumb . It is important , a day before feeding the boa , put you exercise for next days will still make digestion. The ideal is to be every 10 days , in the late afternoon (after 16h ) in low pitch .
In general, animals are sweet , but the temper may vary between each individual and according to the method of treatment of it.
Trivia [ edit]
In the world , there is a tremendous variety of boas , being differentiated by the region where they are found and the different staining patterns :Boa constrictor CodensisBoa constrictor DenisensBoa constrictor gordfea ( Price & Russo , 1991)Boa constrictor ocidentalis ( Philippi , 1863)Boa constrictor obesity ( Cope , 1878)
Boa constrictor imperator ( Daudin , 1803 )